How do erasers erase?

You most likely don’t consider pencils and erasers much in this day and age of computerized and versatile admittance to everything; while it’s obvious that the No. 2 pencil and the SAT have a long history together, pencils don’t generally come up much outside of state administered testing any longer. Yet, regardless of our dedication to our gadgets, Americans actually utilize in excess of 2 billion pencils each year [source: Lunsford].

As opposed to prevalent thinking, pencils aren’t generally made with lead, and haven’t been since Roman recorders composed on papyrus – that is a typical pencil fantasy. So in the event that you bite on your pencils, have confidence you won’t become sick from lead harming (in spite of the fact that that is not a free pass to nibble on a No. 2).

The present pencils are made with graphite, water and dirt (which is utilized as a fastener), and pencil lead has been made this route since Nicolas-Jacques Conté developed the blend in 1795 [source: Ritter]. They weren’t finished off with an eraser tip, however, until about a century later. What’s more, it’s this ally to the pencil, the eraser, that we’re keen on here.


Erasers annihilate pencil markings by lifting graphite from the paper you’ve composed on. As you compose, particles of graphite from your pencil blend with and stick to particles in the fiber of the paper. Here’s the science: Modern erasers are quite often produced using oil based engineered elastic mixes, commonly polyvinyl chloride (they’re not, at this point produced using characteristic latex elastic, which is an allergen for certain individuals).

Since the particles in the polymer that make up an eraser are stickier than paper, those graphite particles stall out to the eraser. A few erasers are stickier than others and assimilate graphite particles all the more effectively, giving you a cleaner, less-rough outcome.

In all honesty, one of the absolute first erasers utilized was clammy bread. We should discuss how far erasers have come since the times of day-old bread, next.

Use erasers to eliminate graphite, ink … furthermore, scrape marks?

You can hope to expound on 45,000 words with a solitary pencil, and en route there make certain to be a couple of missteps. Furthermore, with botches come erasers – and some delete in a way that is better than others.

Pencil erasers (likewise called plug erasers), for instance, and those standard-issue pink school erasers are fundamentally a similar kind of eraser – while they take care of business, they’re viewed as a portion of the most exceedingly terrible guilty parties with regards to smearing, deserting eraser garbage, and tearing or wearing an opening in the paper.

As you rub the eraser against the paper, the eraser starts to break down – a portion of this will help eliminate the graphite and some you’ll have to brush or overwhelm, however this hard elastic may expect you to rub enthusiastically to get your ideal outcome. Gentler elastic erasers require less power and grinding, making them less rough to paper.

White vinyl erasers, for instance, eradicate more neatly than the normal pink eraser since they are made of gentler vinyl. Plied erasers are pliant and mollify when you work them in your grasp. They’re one of the least rough deleting instruments for eliminating graphite, charcoal and lead, and on the grounds that this kind of eraser is clingy enough to ingest graphite particles without erosion, they leave no smircesh, flotsam and jetsam or tears.


Erasers can accomplish more than delete your undesirable pencil doodles, however. Recall erasable-ink pens? Erasable inks may not be as mainstream today as they were during the 1980s, however in case you’re searching for an erasable ink item, they’re actually out there. Erasable inks contain fluid elastic concrete, which implies that not at all like conventional inks, these will adhere to an eraser in the event that you eradicate them inside 10 hours of composing (in any case the elastic solidifies and can never again be lifted from the paper).

Items like enchantment erasers can remove marks from various surfaces, yet check your standard pink pencil eraser out on a portion of those scrapes. You may be shocked at how viable it very well may be at deleting something other than pencil marks.


Around 75 percent of the pencils sold in America are painted yellow [source: Ritter].

Parcels More Information

Creator’s Note: How do erasers delete?

I discovered some new information about pencils while exploring this article. Actually no, not that pencil lead isn’t lead (I realized that reality as of now); rather I found out about the pencil sandwich – the business term used to depict how pencil wood is set around the graphite embed. I did, notwithstanding, likewise discover that there’s an explanation I favor a delicate, plied eraser over erasers of some other flavor: It really carries out the responsibility you anticipate that an eraser should do.

Related Articles

How would they get lead in a wooden pencil?

Instructions to Remove Graphite and Pencil Lead Stains

How Rubber Works

More Great Links

World Watch Institute – Life-Cycle Studies: Pencils


Conley, Gregory. “Erasers.” (Feb. 15, 2013)

Lunsford, Robert. “Today is Pencil Day!” The Roanoke Times. 2010. (Feb. 15, 2013)

Morimoto, Kazuki; and Yasuhiro Nishioka. “Distribution number: US 2011/0124778 A1 – Abradant-containing eraser.” U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. 2009. (Feb. 15, 2013)


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